What is the NEP 2020?

Written By Ashmita | Edited By Varsha & Adi | Updated on 05th July 2024

We know that education policies are important because they provide a framework for the educational system, ensuring that all students have access to quality education. They also address issues like funding, teacher training, and the use of technology in classrooms. Good education policies can lead to better student outcomes, a more skilled workforce, and overall social and economic development.

The Government of India introduced the National Education Policy (NEP) in 2020. The purpose of the NEP is to transform the Indian education system to meet the needs of the 21st century. So today in this blog, we’ll thoroughly discuss NEP 2020 along with all the necessary information. 

But it’s important to understand the education policies and curriculum structure as well. You might have a lot of questions on studying in Bangalore, and what are the policies offered here. Don’t worry, because in this blog you will have all the details about NEP 2020, from its importance, implementation, features, advantages, aims and reception. So let’s quickly start!

Quick Summary

What is NEP 2020? Here’s a quick summary of the blog!

  1. What is NEP 2020?
  2. History of NEP
  3. Implementation of NEP 
  4. Main features of NEP
  5. What are the advantages of NEP?
  6. Aims and Objectives of NEP
  7. How was the reception of NEP 2020?
  8. FAQs
  9. Conclusion
  1. Quick Summary
  2. What is NEP 2020?
  3. History of NEP
  4. Implementation of NEP 
  5. Main features of NEP
  6. What are the advantages of NEP?
  7. Aims and Objectives of NEP
  8. How was the reception of NEP 2020?
  9. FAQs
  10. Conclusion

1. What is NEP 2020?

The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) is a blueprint for shaping education in India. It was introduced by the Government of India, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. NEP 2020 aims to overhaul and enhance the education system to meet modern-day demands and elevate India’s status as an educational powerhouse.

Key goals of NEP 2020 include:

  • Ensuring fair access to education for all.
  • Updating education to meet current needs.
  • Supporting regional languages and cultures.
  • Integrating vocational education, among other objectives.

2. History of NEP

  • The National Education Policy (NEP) has evolved over decades. It started in 1968 under Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, focusing on national unity, equality in education, and strengthening democracy.
  • In 1986, a new NEP aimed to modernize and expand education, emphasizing access, equality, and quality. This period also saw the creation of key institutions like NCERT and the National Open School, now known as the National Institute of Open Schooling.
  • Recently, in 2020, the Government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced NEP 2020, a major update aiming to meet the demands of the 21st century. This policy marks a significant reform in India’s education system.

3. Implementation of NEP

Development of Action Plans

The implementation of NEP 2020 involves various actions and initiatives by the Government of India. Both national and state governments have created detailed plans to put NEP 2020 into action.

In early August 2021, Karnataka became the first state to issue an order to start implementing NEP. This means they began taking steps to make NEP 2020 a reality in schools and education across the state.

Constitution of Implementation Committees

The government has set up committees at national, state, and local levels to ensure NEP 2020 is put into action. These committees include education experts, policymakers, and representatives from various sectors.

In Uttar Pradesh, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced that NEP 2020 will be implemented gradually, with the aim to complete the process by 2022. This means they are planning to roll out the policy step-by-step over the next few years.

Policy Reforms and Amendments

The government is updating education policies and laws to match the goals of NEP 2020. This could mean changing what children learn, how they are tested, training teachers better, and improving schools. In October 2022, the Ministry of Education released new guidelines for kids aged 3 to 8 and set up a new system to make sure NEP 2020 goals are met.

Monitoring and Evaluation

They’re setting up ways to check how well NEP 2020 is working. This includes collecting information, doing surveys and tests, and listening to feedback. They’ll use all this to see what’s going well and where they need to make changes to improve education.

4. What are the main features of NEP?

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 aims to transform India’s education system to be more inclusive, adaptable, and future-oriented.

  1. Holistic Education: Students will learn a wide range of subjects like science, arts, sports, and vocational skills instead of focusing on just one area. Subjects will be taught in a way that shows how they connect with each other.
  1. Early Childhood Education: NEP stresses the importance of education from ages 3 to 6, provided at preschools or rural childcare centers (Anganwadis).
  1. School Structure Reform: The old 10+2 system will be replaced with a new 5+3+3+4 system:
    • Foundational Stage (ages 3-8): Includes 3 years of preschool and grades 1-2.
    • Preparatory Stage (ages 8-11): Grades 3-5.
    • Middle Stage (ages 11-14): Grades 6-8.
    • Secondary Stage (ages 14-18): Grades 9-12.
  1. Choice of Subjects and Vocational Education: Students can choose subjects based on their interests and career goals, rather than being limited to traditional streams like science or commerce. Practical skills and hands-on experience, including internships and real-life projects, start from grade 6.
  1. Use of Technology: NEP aims to ensure all students, even those in remote areas, have access to digital learning tools. This includes online courses, digital classrooms, and e-books.
  2. Promotion of Indian Languages: Local languages will be emphasized in early education, alongside English and other international languages.

NEP 2020 aims to create a more diverse and modern education system that prepares students for a rapidly changing world.

5. What are the advantages of NEP?

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 brings several key advantages to the Indian education system:

  1. Holistic Development: NEP encourages students to go beyond academics and engage in sports, arts, and vocational training. This promotes their overall personality development.
  2. Strong Academic Foundation: By ensuring that every child learns essential reading, writing, and math skills by grade 3, NEP establishes a solid academic base. Early childhood education (ages 3-6) receives emphasis, providing crucial groundwork for future learning.
  3. Skill Development: Introducing vocational education early ensures students acquire practical, job-oriented skills, enhancing their employability. Hands-on internships help students apply their knowledge in real-world scenarios.
  4. Teacher Empowerment: NEP 2020 focuses on empowering teachers through better training and professional development opportunities. This improves the quality of education by fostering motivated and skilled educators. Increased career advancement options also enhance teacher satisfaction and commitment.

These advantages of NEP 2020 aim to create a well-rounded education system that prepares students with both academic knowledge and practical skills while supporting and uplifting educators.

6. Aims and Objectives of NEP

  • The main aim of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 is to transform the Indian education system to make it more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary, aligned with the needs of the 21st century, and to bring out the unique capabilities of each student. 
  • The NEP 2020 aims to create an education system that is not only inclusive and equitable but also provides quality education to all, preparing students to face the challenges and opportunities of the future.

7. How was the Feedback of NEP 2020?

NEP 2020 has received praise for being forward-thinking, focusing on flexibility, inclusiveness, and a well-rounded education. However, there are concerns about how these changes will actually happen, especially with schools, teachers, and resources.

Positive Feedback:

  • Experts and teachers like NEP 2020 because it encourages creative thinking, and practical skills, and gives students more choices.
  • Policymakers think it’s a smart plan for making education better for the future.
  • Students and parents are happy about having more options in what they study and how they learn.


  • Despite the good points, people worry about how hard it will be to make all these changes happen, especially in poorer areas.
  • They’re concerned about schools having the right buildings and enough trained teachers to make NEP 2020 work well.
  • Some are unsure how well teaching in local languages will work in places where people speak many different languages.

Making NEP 2020 successful will depend on solving these practical problems so that all students can benefit from a better education system.


Q1. What is 5-3-3-4 in the new education policy?

According to NEP 2020, students will follow a 5+3+3+4 education system where the students will spend 5 years in strengthening their foundation, 3 years in the Preparatory stage, 3 years in the Middle stage and the rest 4 years in the secondary stage.

Q2.  What are the 4 C’s of the new education policy?

The new education policy also includes the 4C’s of 21st Century learning skills – Critical thinking, Creativity, Collaboration and Communication.


Now it’s time to conclude our blog. We’ve explored the incredible options and the overall structure of NEP 2020. This policy was enforced with the aim of making education more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary, and aligned with the needs of the students and the nation. 

The importance of the NEP lies in its comprehensive approach to revamping the entire education system in India. By focusing on these areas, the NEP aims to make Indian education more inclusive, effective, and future-ready, ultimately contributing to the country’s social and economic progress. But to understand and weigh in the demerits of such a policy varies from person to person. As long as people understand the policies that are being implemented well, we as citizens will have an upper hand in the way the system works!

So, we really hope this blog helped you understand the educational policy and its functions for a better experience.

Varsha & Adi

Hi, we are Varsha and Adi, and we’re on a mission to help parents make the right choice for their kids’ education. Picking a school is like a 10-year commitment, and we realized parents needed clear, no-nonsense info. That’s why we created Candid Schools, where you can get the real deal on schools without the fancy jargon. Our goal is simple: to give parents the info they need to make the best choice for their little ones.

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